The head is crimson, the voice shrill – the collective term Kolik describes every uncontrollable crying of a baby who is otherwise healthy. The screaming begins at the second week of life and is lost to most of the affected babies during the fourth month. Hence the term “three-month colic.”
Three-month colic or Regualationsstörung
Sometimes, however, this phase also lasts until the sixth month of life. Because the exact cause of the problems of some newborns is still not clear to this day, many pediatricians now reject the term three-month colic and speak of regulatory disorders:
- the screaming and crying lasts more than three hours a day
- it occurs more than three days a week
- It lasts for a total of more than three weeks
Why do some babies suffer from three-month colic?
Although there are many explanatory approaches, nothing has been proven to this day. Some experts refer to physical causes, such as flatulence in the intestine. Also, in the digestive tract of the affected children could not be enough, but for the digestion urgently needed bacteria.
Some scientists suspect psychosocial causes, such as misunderstandings between the parents and their baby or an unstable spiral of non-calming and guilt feelings. Some experts also believe that for unknown reasons, the child is simply unable to calm himself. This is then often spoken by the ” writing baby .”
However, the following aspects are certainly known about “writing babies”:
- they are everywhere in the world
- increased body contact does not help
- Three-month colic occurs in both breastfed children and baby bottles
- the risk is increased in smoker households
- in the course of their later development, babies who suffered from three-month colic do not differ in any way, physically or mentally, from other children
Regulatory disorder or three-month colic – some babies cry a lot
According to statistics, about 15 percent of babies in Germany shout excessively until the age of three. By the sixth month of life, the rate then drops to about five percent. All other newborns cry for an average of 30 to 60 minutes a day. Usually when hungry or tired.
The screaming in three-month colic often occurs suddenly, preferably in the late afternoon and evening hours. Shortly before, the baby evidently felt well all around. From one moment to the other, it falls for no reason in a veritable cry attack. It seems as if all the muscles are tight, the baby clenches his fists and pulls his legs.
The head is crimson, the voice shrill. The parents regularly put this condition on alert to ultimately leave them completely helpless and perplexed.
Impact on family life
All parents wish for a smiling baby, which in case of discord by loving gestures can calm down. The supposedly groundless, persistent screaming, on the other hand, weighs heavily on her. Most of the affected mothers and fathers are chronically exhausted and feel completely overwhelmed.
Attention! As soon as the parents realize that their powers are exhausted, they should seek professional help!
Of course, the first route leads to the pediatrician. There they should describe the exact symptoms. The doctor will, of course, try to get to the bottom of the cause of the three-month colic.
Also, it is important that a serious illness, such as an inguinal hernia is safely excluded. If the baby is healthy, the doctor will help the plagued parents to find a scream clinic or similar facility. There they get valuable tips for dealing with their “Schreikind.”
Most important, however, is first of all the realization that the parents do nothing wrong with their baby. Apart from the stress, the screaming is not harmful either, so that once another caregiver can take care of, while the parents quietly go around the block and relax a little.
Therapy – is there any?
No. There is no medicine for three-month colic. The top priority is, therefore: “Keep calm!” Although studies show that babies, who were carried around by their parents in a quieter state of increased circulation, on average cry less. However, as a reassurance method, when the baby is crying, carrying around is ineffective.
Midwives recommended sedation methods:
- always repeat certain movements or noises
- certain rhythms, like a particular song
- Baby massage
- firm wrapping in a soft cloth (also called “swaddling” – please have a midwife show it exactly, but there are also aids available)
- even background noise
- Put hand on head or forehead and let it rest there until the baby calms down
In severe cases, a therapeutic procedure, such as video feedback or relationship analysis, may also help parents overcome their self-doubt and uncertainties. They then “understand” their baby better and do not see each other anymore forced to constantly defend themselves and their “difficult” child from the environment.
When to the doctor?
Three-month colic is mostly harmless than the stress it brings and does not require special treatment. However, to safely rule out other causes of frequent crying, parents should present their child to a doctor if:
Even though the father or the mother may be afraid of the loss of control due to the constant overstraining that could lead to the child beating or shake, a doctor’s visit is essential.
Are there preventive measures?
On three-month colic (regulatory disorders) expectant parents can neither prepare nor able to prevent them. Unfortunately, why and which baby will be affected cannot be predicted.
- Writing-babies are available all over the world
- Three-month colic is by no means due to mistakes in caring for the baby
- As soon as the parents feel overwhelmed and exhausted, they should seek professional help
- Friends and family can help parents during this challenging period by stepping in as a babysitter from time to time