Babies and children are particularly often affected – According to a publication of the professional association of children and youth physicians in the Cologne area are about 50 percent of patients who suffer from food poisoning, younger than 16 years.
Signs of food poisoning
It often appears suddenly and violently to the symptoms of food poisoning, which include, for example, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting and fever. If the cramps are very severe, stupor is added, or if you notice blood and mucus congestion in the stool, it is important to seek medical help.
On the one hand, severe vomiting and diarrhea can lead to dehydration, that is, to a health-threatening lack of water and minerals. On the other hand, the concentration of toxins or pathogens for a small body can be so great that it will not suffice for food poisoning without medical support can fight.
However, this is rare and usually requires antibiotic treatment if bacteria are the cause of food poisoning. These include, for example, Listeria or Salmonella. Medical treatment is focused on the recovery of essential nutrients and alleviation of existing ailments, which often resolve after just a few hours or days.
Preventive measures: hygiene and food knowledge
To save your child unpleasant food poisoning, it is essential to pay attention to the hygiene in the food storage and preparation. Also, young children should not eat raw milk, raw or uncooked meat, raw fish or shellfish. Boiled eggs should be served hard or fried. Nutmeg and beans in raw form can cause severe poisoning. Enormous amounts of carrots can damage the liver due to the high concentration of beta-carotene.
A refrigerator temperature of fewer than 5 degrees Celsius inhibits the proliferation of germs. The heating of over 70 degrees Celsius kills many pathogens. Since germs can attack even fruits and vegetables, it is essential to this warm wash water and rubs with a cloth.
Trust the judgment of your nose and the impression of your child. If it does not want to eat a particular dish, that does not always mean that it just refuses it. Especially babies and toddlers often have very subtle senses for foods that are spoiled.
- Food poisoning is often the result of improper storage and treatment of food. If despite all precautions, food poisoning still occurs, it usually makes sense to visit the pediatrician with the small patient. Unlike adults, children can not only get food poisoning faster.
- The fight against harmful pathogens and toxins also consumes more of the health forces and can lead to serious complications.