Is morning sickness associated with pregnancy? Twenty-five percent of women are shiny throughout the pregnancy. Some may be a little dizzy in the stomach during the first few months, especially after getting up early, or suddenly they can no longer tolerate certain odors. About 60 percent, however, have to struggle with severe nausea, which can increase up to seizure-like vomiting.
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Where does nausea come from?
The reasons for this nausea (Latin: Emesis gravidarum) researchers could not yet clarify clearly. You suspect that possibly the pregnancy hormone HCG (chorionic gonadotropin) is responsible. Studies have shown that the higher the HCG concentration in an expectant mother, the more frequently and severely she is plagued with nausea during her first months of pregnancy.
Usually, the HCG level between the 12th and 18th week of pregnancy drops significantly and the malaise disappears as quickly as it has come.
Aversion to certain foods
Scientists believe that aversion to certain foods is a clever move by nature to protect the embryo. Especially during the first weeks of pregnancy, the fetus trains the facilities for all organs.
So it may be that the expectant mother instinctively rejects foods that may be contaminated with harmful agents, such as meat or milk.
The term morning sickness is misleading
There are pregnant women whose nausea is significantly more pronounced in the morning. This could be related to the fact that the stomach is empty after sleep and thus the blood sugar level is shallow. Most women, however, also become poor during the day or in the evening.
Under certain circumstances, this can go so far that nausea temporarily dominates the entire life. Working is no longer possible and all daily duties become torture. Some women can not care for their other children during this time and can not manage the household.
Instead of looking forward to the baby, they feel miserable. Relationships with partners and friends can suffer. Also, there are often psychological problems. Many pregnant women feel misunderstood or unfairly punished. At worst, this condition can lead to depression. Here the care by a good gynecologist is critical.
When does the pregnancy sickness become dangerous?
Extreme nausea during pregnancy has a medical name: hyperemesis gravidarum. Pregnant women, who have to vomit several times a day, drink nothing, let alone eat and lose weight, are sick. According to statistics, three to ten out of every 1,000 pregnant women in Germany are affected, especially during the first three months of pregnancy.
Although hyperemesis usually does not threaten the child’s health, the concomitant effects on the mother are an immense burden. Not only do they lack important nutrients, but also electrolytes and fluids over time.
When to the doctor?
The longer the woman waits, the more difficult the treatment may be. Therefore, pregnant women should talk to their gynecologist as soon as possible as soon as the symptoms begin to affect their entire lives and ask for help.
Often, particular medicines, so-called antiemetics, are enough, but sometimes hospitalization cannot be avoided. There, the woman vital liquid, glucose and electrolytes are supplied using infusions and thus prevented further pregnancy complications.
Can the expectant mother do something for nausea?
Unfortunately, there is no such thing as a patent remedy. However, numerous tips have been tried and tested over many generations that may make it easier to persevere:
- In the morning, still in bed drinking a cup of tea and a little rusk or dry bread to nibble.
- Better to consume small, light meals throughout the day. This helps to prevent blood sugar fluctuations and possibly the associated recurring nausea.
- Whether as lozenges, sweets or tea: ginger has a calming effect on the stomach.
- In between, chew a few nuts or oatmeal. Both foods bind the stomach acid.
- Some pregnant women help with chewing on bananas or dried fruit in the evening nausea.
- Acupuncture for pregnancy sickness is a rule many midwives. On application, especially during pregnancy, even some public health insurance companies cover the costs.
- Often there is a pattern whereby nausea is more pronounced or less pronounced. A diary helps to recognize this and to adapt the diet to the appropriate times of the day.
- Stress and constant tiredness can make your malaise worse. Working women should, therefore, prefer to get sick leave.
Extensive exercise in the fresh air not only stimulates the circulation but also brings the troubled women to other thoughts. As soon as it is possible, a long walk, regardless of the weather, is recommended.
If nothing helps
If violent vomiting accompanies nausea and the aversion to solid foods is temporarily too large, the expectant mother should drink as much as possible. Herbal and fruit teas, juice spritzers, but also just water replace the lost fluid during vomiting. Often it is worthwhile to taste particularly water-containing fruits, such as melon or grapes.
Alternative therapies can also be helpful. Whether homeopathy, aromatherapy or hypnosis: It is particularly crucial for pregnant women to turn to a specially qualified and experienced therapist or alternative practitioner.
- More than half of all pregnant women have nausea and vomiting, especially during the first three months.
- In most cases, the symptoms disappear around the 16th week of pregnancy by itself.
- Rarely do women suffer from nausea during the entire pregnancy.
- To avoid complications, however, the symptoms are particularly in need of treatment if they are particularly severe.