Baby Guide, Care & Health

How to Prevent Injuries of Baby

The fall from the changing table is one of the most common causes of injury – some sources of danger for the youngest are not always immediately recognizable from the view of an adult. For this reason, the most critical danger points and tips for accident prevention for families with babies and toddlers are compiled here.

Emergency babies: the main accident risks in the first year of life

Already after birth, there are already the first accident risks. The fall from the changing table, for example, in the first year of age is one of the most common causes of injury. Also tipped hot drinks or hot water in the preparation of the vial cause significant harm to babies and toddlers, which can be prevented.

Tips for safety on the changing table

If you want to avoid altogether falling risks during the winding, then you do without a changing table or pad. Winding on the floor is safest. However, since many parents do not find this practical, comfortable and hygienic enough, most families put on a changing table.

This should be at least 70 x 80 cm for safety reasons. A thick carpet under the changing table can absorb some unwanted fall.

When wrapping, always keep one hand on the baby to avoid any risk of falling. Even babies who are not yet turning or sitting up can change their lying position suddenly by kicking and fall off the changing table. The installation of the changing table in the corner of the room relieves the risk of falling.

Also, everything should be within reach, so you never have to go out of reach of the child.

Safe sleep

Also, the cot holds some risks for newborns and babies. Considering the fact that some babies sleep up to 20 hours a day, and some of them in their baby bed, these risks are constantly present in the postpartum period. Pillows, blankets and cuddly toys always carry the risk that the baby will, unfortunately, get tangled up in the head or slip under the pillow or cuddly toy.

The airways are blocked, and there is a danger of suffocation. It is also important to ensure that the bars are stable and high enough for cots and hang no strings or cords, for example, from a Nähnchen.

Since the sleeping environment should be under 18 degrees Celsius, it is recommended to use a baby sleeping bag instead of a blanket, which should not be too big. Otherwise, the child could slip into the sleeping bag and there is a danger of suffocation.

Studies show that cases of ” sudden infant death syndrome ” occur more often in warm and stuffy sleep environments. “Sudden Infant Death” is the unforeseen death of babies in the first twelve months of life. About the relationship lying position and “sudden infant death” are the opinions of the doctors apart.

Both the abdominal and the supine position are controversial, as the first make breathing difficult and the second in vomiting can severely hamper the breathing. Many pediatricians advise sleeping in a lateral position. To prevent a baby from rolling into the back or prone position, you can stabilize the side position with rolled-up towels.

Children should always sleep in a smoke-free environment to prevent “sudden child death.” Some pediatricians confirm that sleeping together with a mother in a bed can reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome, as the child is always encouraged to breathe by the proximity and movement of his mother.

However, this only applies if the parents do not smoke and abstain from alcohol. There are also doctors who advise against so-called co-sleeping. The decision should, however, lie with the parents themselves. Just make sure with which sleeping situation you and your child feel most comfortable and safe.

Well and safely dressed

Safety aspects should also be taken into account when choosing clothes: Scarves and cords can easily cause strangulation on the playground (for example on the slide). Thus, if the pacifier chain is too long, it can also be a risk.

Shoes that are too small can negatively affect the development of the musculoskeletal system in the long term. Clothes should always be flame retardant.

Injury Baby: Play, but for sure

Buying toys is always a matter of safety. Injuries and serious emergency situations can occur during play, for example through:

  • sharp edges
  • protruding tips as well
  • Small parts that can be swallowed (which can also be stuck in other body openings such as nose and ears)

Some battery-operated toys produce such loud sounds that they can damage the inner ear of toddlers. Also, make sure that battery compartments are childproof. Ping-pong balls or burst balloons can be put into the mouth by children and can wholly or severely hinder breathing.

If your baby or toddler has big siblings, explain them about the dangers of different toys and ask them to be aware of potential hazards. The use of walk-free and baby walkers is very controversial among medical professionals, as they can always lead to serious falls and injuries.

Finally sitting at the table: safety tips for the high chair

Like a changing table, a highchair poses a risk of an infant falling off and being seriously injured. Often it falls from the high chair to head injuries. Never leave your child alone high chair and use a hip belt for safety if your child gets up again and again in the highchair. You should regularly check the stability and stability.

Childproof living

As soon as a baby discovers how it can move and start turning, crawling, crawling, and walking later, there are numerous sources of danger in its home environment that need to be secured. These include:


source of danger



electric shock

Outlet protection interventions

Drawers, cupboards, shelves

Pinching your fingers, dangerous contents (like knives), tilting during climbing

Drawer child safety device, fixing high cabinets and shelves to the wall


Ingestion of small parts, contact with sharp edges and protruding tips, risk of strangulation on cables and cords

Place decoration with danger potential out of the reach of children


stairs fall

stair gates


trapped fingers, with the key in the locked position

Child safety lock for the hinge area and, if necessary, a U-shaped door lock that prevents the closing of a door, always remove the key


window lintel

lockable window handles


Fall from the balcony

lockable balcony door handle, no unobserved stays

sharp edges of furniture

Injuries in falls

edge protection


sharp knives, sharp objects, alcoholic drinks, spicy spices, detergents

Keep potential hazards out of the reach of the child, secure drawers and cabinet doors accordingly

Heat sources (oven, stove, fireplace, hot food and drinks, light bulbs, candles, hot radiators)

Burns and scalds

Attaching a stove grate, activating the child safety device on the stove and oven (if present), protective grille in front of the oven window, grill around the chimney, keep hot food and liquids out of the reach of children, avoid contact with light bulbs, burning candles and hot radiators

Poisonous substances (cleaning agents, lamp oil, flower fertilizers, insect repellents, cigarettes, plants)


All household remedies that are toxic should be kept out of the reach of children.

Garden (rain barrel, paddling pool, garden pond, ladders, holes, poisonous plants)

Drowning, falls, spillage, poisoning

no unobserved stays in unsecured garden environment, fence / grid along garden ponds, safe routing of ladders, protection of larger holes / manholes

road traffic

traffic accidents

high attention, always take the child by the hand and when it is greater on the dangers on and clear up on a street



  • Safety is important, but the development and development of your child is also important
    Of course, parents should protect your child from danger. But that does not mean that you also avoid slight injury risks for safety’s sake.
  • Depending on the level of development of the child, it even makes sense to enable him to recognize dangerous situations. However, this should always be done in the company of adults.

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