Knowing the fertile days is a great advantage – if you wish to have a child with your partner, you can discuss this in detail in advance with your attending gynecologist.
Getting pregnant: preparations
If not, they will be vaccinated. For chronic conditions such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and hereditary diseases you will be informed about possible complications during pregnancy and childbirth by your doctor.
With the onset of childbearing and in the first few months of an existing pregnancy, women are advised to take folic acid tablets. The B-vitamin prevents damage to the unborn child, especially neural tube defects such as the open back.
A healthy, balanced diet and the renunciation of alcohol and cigarettes goes without saying, to be physically well prepared for an upcoming pregnancy.
This is how you recognize your fertile days
If you want to get pregnant, it is very helpful to know your fertile days and the day of ovulation. The chances of getting pregnant are highest just before ovulation.
However, there is little time left after ovulation because the egg can be fertilized for about 12 to 18 hours. There are several methods you can use to determine your fertile days.
Women with a very regular cycle of 28 days can easily determine their ovulation and thus their fertile days by looking at the calendar: ovulation usually takes place 14 days before the next bleeding. Meanwhile, there are under the keyword ovulation calendar but also many calculation options on the Internet.
Another indication that ovulation is imminent is the so-called cervical mucus. This discharge is glassy and almost watery a few days before ovulation. The panty is often very wet at this time and some women wear a panty liner.
A natural but not very reliable way to find your fertile days is the temperature method.
Over a longer period, you should measure your body temperature every morning. Shortly after ovulation, the temperature rises to 0.6 degrees. This method only makes sense if you monitor your body temperature over a period of several months.
The timing of ovulation can be determined quite precisely by ovulation test strips from the pharmacy or – in the high-tech version – by a cycle computer. About 24 to 36 hours before ovulation, large amounts of luteinizing hormone (LH) are released in the body, causing ovulation.
The test displays this process, pointing directly to the most fertile time in your cycle.
Also, women with a baby wish can determine their fertile days with a cycle computer. But you can also use these mini-computers in the opposite direction to protect yourself naturally from pregnancy. Disadvantage: The costs for a cycle computer are quite high.
Even if it is sometimes difficult: Couples with a desire to have children should not put too much pressure.
Getting pregnant after contraceptive
Many women who have taken the birth control pill for years often have concerns about getting pregnant in a short time. The good news: The pill does not negatively affect the fertility of the woman. Studies have shown that even women who have been using the birth control pill for years have become pregnant without any problems.
The period varies from a few weeks to a year.
Even after pulling the hormone spiral, which remains five years in the body, women can become pregnant after a short time. Note: The doctor must remove this hormonal contraceptive!
If women use the 3-month injection as a contraceptive method, it can take up to a year for them to become fertile again. Because the 3-month syringe can mess up the cycle.
Getting pregnant: These alternatives exist
Even if couples wish it so much: Often the wish to have children remains naturally unfulfilled. Especially with increasing age of the couple decreases the fertility. For this reason, it is advisable to seek advice from a gynecologist or a specialist in reproductive medicine if there is a long-term unfulfilled desire to have children.
If a woman does not get pregnant, cycle monitoring can be the first option. Hormone determination and ultrasound accurately determine the exact time of ovulation. If, during the woman’s hormonal disturbances, in the end, this can often be solved even with hormone treatment.
Another method is the Insemination: This insemination prepared sperm are placed at the right time with a catheter into the uterine cavity.
Other ways to get pregnant, provides the so-called fertility medicine: This includes especially the In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).
During in vitro fertilization, ova are removed from the woman after hormone treatment and artificially fertilized outside the body together with the male’s sperm. If the eggs continue to develop, a maximum of three embryos is transferred to the uterus.
The ICSI method is now the most commonly used in artificial insemination. In the process, a single sperm from the male is injected directly into the woman’s extracted oocyte using a fine needle and then transferred to the uterus. This method is particularly suitable for men with fertility disorders because only one sperm cell for artificial insemination is needed.
These two treatments are often associated with stress on the female body through hormone administration, adoption and embryo transfer. Also, parents should be aware that artificial insemination is more likely to result in multiple births.
In addition to the physical stress but also the psychache is not to be underestimated, if it does not work in the artificial insemination after several attempts. In this phase, couples can provide psychological support or a counseling center such as Pro family.
Note: Artificial insemination is associated with considerable costs, as the health insurance companies only pay for the treatment proportionately under certain conditions. Extensive consultation is therefore particularly important in advance.
- If you want to have a child, ask the gynecologist for advice
- Balanced diet and abstinence from cigarettes and alcohol
- Just before ovulation, the chance to get pregnant is the highest
- Various methods can determine the fertile days
- Taking the pill for a long time does not affect your fertility
- If the desire for a child remains unfulfilled: Artificial insemination as an alternative