Between the fourth and sixth months of life, your baby may gradually begin to care for solid foods and then eat and taste a large number of foods – the exception being some unsuitable foods in their first year.
Absolutely inappropriate food for babies is for example honey, which can be dangerous for small children. Other foods – for example, cow’s milk – cannot yet be exploited optimally by the child’s organism during this development phase. Nutritional advisors recommend that the changeover to solid diet slowly and not initially offer your child too many different foods.
His digestive system is still very sensitive in this phase and must first learn how to deal with the new food. Parallel to porridges, fruits and other solid foods your child receives course still breast milk or bottle – at weaning or weaning from the bottle, you can completely reassure follow your own and your child’s rhythm.
The second reason that your baby does not yet tolerate all foods in his first year of life is that his immune system is not yet fully developed and antibodies against unwanted substances are only gradually formed. It may not react very strongly to germs that are absorbed with the food and which are later completely harmless.
Many parents also fear that their child develops allergies through unsuitable food. Just a few years ago doctors and dieticians advised avoiding potential allergens in the food in the first year of life completely. In the meantime, it has become the opinion that for babies the slow acclimatization to the environment is important. Completely shielding against allergens can cause your child to have a greater disposition to allergies later.
Unsuitable food for infants
Cow’s milk and dairy products (curd, cheese, cream) should not be given to children early in life. Compatible are babies’ milk and touched baby milk. Cow’s milk weighs on the intestines and also the kidneys due to their high protein and mineral content.
Many infants – as well as adults – lack a certain enzyme to process the milk sugar (lactose). Insensitive children, the albumen from cow’s milk – albeit very rarely –
Can lead to allergic reactions on the first contact. Also, milk and dairy products often contain pollutants from the feed. Goat or sheep milk and soy milk are unsuitable foods in the first year of life.
Even experts are unanimous or sure when cow’s milk can be given without any problem – the time between the eighth and the fifteenth month of life varies. If you want your child to have cow’s milk products from the eighth or ninth month, start with a special baby yogurt from the glass. These yogurts have a lower percentage of cow’s milk protein than normal yogurt and are therefore better tolerated.
Honey is considered to be one of the healthiest foods, but when it comes to preparing babies at home and in pure form, it is taboo for children in the first year of life. By its processing, it can contain bacteria which, in the worst case, lead to a life-threatening bowel infection (botulism) which can be fatal.
If ready-to-buy baby sludge is prepared with honey, they are harmless, as manufacturers constantly monitor the purity of the ingredients and products and control them very sharply.
Cold pressed oils
Cold-pressed oils can contain harmful substances, which can overwhelm the liver of small children.
Salmonella risk with eggs
Soft-cooked or raw eggs should be avoided because of the risk of salmonella infection in the first year of life.
Vegetables and spices
Eggplants are a vegetable that little children will probably not love anyway – they are harmful to their babies because of their high nicotine content. Leaf leaves can only chew children in the first year of life inadequately – against cucumbers and tomatoes is, however, nothing objection, if the child likes them. Caution is recommended for nuts, as it can easily be swallowed. Puffing foods (lentils, peas, beans, cabbage), as well as spicy spices, are often not well-suited for babies. Salt can seriously affect the kidneys of small children and should only be used in very small amounts.
Too much sugar better
Unsuitable foods for babies are also sugars, sweeteners and artificially sweetened beverages (sodas, juices with added sugar). Suitable beverages are unsweetened fruit or herbal teas, water and baby juices). Caffeine – that is, coffee, black tea or cola – is forbidden by itself.
But – do not panic: if your child comes into contact with the foods mentioned above, it is most likely that nothing happens. The corresponding warnings are primarily intended to help minimize or eliminate risks.
Grain products – yes or no?
Until recently, many grain products were considered unsuitable for babies. On the one hand, it was assumed that the intestines of children could not properly process cereal products until the end of the first year of life. Wheat, rye, oats, barley and spelled also contain gluten (gluten).
Medical statistics show that one among 1,000 children develops gluten intolerance (celiac disease) – the renouncement of gluten-containing foods in the first year of life should reduce the risk. Some experts also said that the early use of cereal products increases the likelihood of later diabetes.
Such views are outdated today: when children gradually get used to small quantities of cereal products from the fifth to the seventh month of life, their celiac risk even decreases. A type II diabetes type – the so-called age-diabetes – later in the life bend above all a balanced diet as well as much sport and movement. With the diet in infancy diabetes, however, has little to do.
Food additives and allergies – what is important?
Artificial additives in food
Today, our foods are predominantly produced industrially – many of them contain color and preservatives, taste enhancers and artificial flavors. They often lead to intolerance reactions in small children. It is optimal if you can largely avoid products with such additives in the diet of your toddler.
Common commercial baby bread is harmless – the ingredients normally come from controlled cultivation, the production is strictly monitored.
For example, chocolate, cocoa, tomatoes, citrus fruits, nuts, peaches, and fish are regarded as allergy-causing and therefore unsuitable foods for babies. Some of them – such as chocolate – should not be regularly or in large quantities on your child’s diet.
But even small children are not totally “vulnerable” to potential allergens. The gentle habit of possible allergy triggers has already begun through the umbilical cord. Also the mother’s milk has an important function.
If there are food intolerances, these can manifest themselves by skin irritation, gastrointestinal symptoms, but also by asthma-like symptoms.
The corresponding diagnosis is always in the hands of the doctor. If the cause is found, they can be cured quite quickly by dispensing with certain foods.
Tip by midwife Christina Altman
- Children are very competent regarding food: they also feel what they do not like or what they do not want to eat. Therefore the Baby-led Weaning (BLW) is a good alternative to the Breifüttern.