Whether mother’s milk, substitute milk, porridge or baby food, baby food must meet the highest standards. What nutrients are important for the development of the child, which is less? How are digestibility and usability? What should be done when preparing?
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The first baby food
In the first months, the baby is fed with mother’s milk or substitute milk. Mothers’ milk is designed to meet the needs of the baby: it provides all the important nutrients, is easily digestible and the mother transmits with the milk defenses, which strengthen the immune system of the baby.
If you do not breastfeed or only partially, substitute food is the alternative. The commercially available pre-milk is most similar in your composition to the mother’s milk.
There is no prescribed time schedule for food intake: during the first weeks of life the hunger feeling of your child settles. For a healthy baby, a guideline is 150 milliliters per kilogram of body weight per day, divided into six to seven meals. Offer the breast or vial every two to three hours, after all, it finds its own rhythm.
Like the digestive system, the immune system in the first months of life is still un-mature. In addition to an easy digestibility of food, therefore, appropriate hygiene is important.
To free vials and teats from food residues and harmful germs, they must be cleaned and sterilized. For sterilization, you can put it in boiling water for a few minutes after cleaning and allow it to air dry. It is easier with a sterilizer: put it in the device, freed it reliably from germs and bacteria.
Also when preparing food, care must be taken that no bacteria or germs penetrate the infant’s immune system. This can be achieved with boiled tap water or for the preparation of baby’s suitable mineral water.
For the small organism, the temperature is still important – about 37 ° C is ideal. The simplest way to do this is with a bottle warmer.
When mixing the milk, observe the manufacturer’s instructions. For the dosage, a suitable measuring spoon is usually included with the packaging. Insert the indicated amount of hot water into the vial and, after specifying, measure the powder with the measuring spoon.
This ensures that your baby is not overstretched or underserved. After filling the vial into the vial, close and shake the contents to dissolve the powder. If there are bubbles, leave the bottle for a moment, so that your baby does not swallow too much air. Check the temperature again before feeding.
With approximately four months, it is time to gradually get used to your baby: the digestive tract and the immune system have evolved, and the child’s nutrient and energy requirements are changing.
Initially, the child continues to receive pre-milk or is breast-fed; at lunch, you can offer some spoon foods. Try again and again: It may take a little while for your child to get used to the new taste and the thicker consistency. Gradually, reduce the pre-milk and breastfeeding in the following months and replace it with baby food.
At around eight months, you can have lunch and dinner, and ten months in the afternoon. Your child is therefore given milk in the morning and three brewing times from noon. The quantity can be as you would for the preparation of infant milk to manufacturer’s instructions.
Also, the Beikost should at least be tempered in the first time accordingly. Again, a suitable warmer is useful.
The right composition
To ensure an optimal supply of nutrients both in the infant milk and in subsequent food, attention must be paid to the composition. Since pre-milk is based on the quality of the mother’s milk and is subject to EC directives in Germany, there is hardly any danger of making something wrong.
All important vitamins, proteins, and iron are contained in high-quality milk powder; lactic acid supports the intestinal flora. If your child is suffering from an allergy or other restriction, you can resort to the appropriate special diet.
With the change to Breikost, balance is important. Food should not contain sugar or other sweeteners. Cereal grains are sometimes enriched with aromas, which is also less favorable.
Your child, on the other hand, benefits from vitamins and iron. Not to be neglected is also the fat content, as a guideline apply eight per cent. Ideal are polyunsaturated, long chain fatty acids (LCP / LC-PUFA) to support the development of the brain and nervous system. Taurine also promotes healthy brain development. Pro and prebiotics, like nucleotides, contribute to a healthy intestinal flora and a stable immune system.
First, you should choose a vegetable sludge, for example, made of pumpkin, zucchini or parsnake. Gradually, further pureed vegetable varieties and other foods such as fruit can be offered. Lean meat is also suitable. Your child’s organism can change slowly.
An overview of baby food:
- until the sixth month of breast milk or substitute food
- on germ-free utensils
- Milk should have body temperature
- from the sixth month of introduction of baby food
- Avoid sugar and additives
Tips from Experts
- A healthy newborn baby can be placed as needed or offered the bottle. Until a rhythm can be recognized, it usually takes several weeks/months. This is not questionable, but completely normal
- Cooling a commercially available container to the water is highly recommended since it simplifies the preparation of the milk bottle
- Do not shake the vial too hard to avoid bubbles. Also, special anticorrosive systems in the bottle prevent baby’s swallowing