Unfortunately, schoolchildren with postural defects are no longer a rarity and back pain is now considered a common disease in adults and adolescents.
These measures are essential for babies and toddlers
Especially in today’s media age, where many children and adolescents often prefer sitting around the movement, this is becoming an ever greater problem. The question arises as to whether and how to prevent this through targeted early intervention.
A healthy back in babies and toddlers
For nine months, your baby grows in the womb, lying more and more in a crooked position. When it sees the light of the world, its bones are still soft and sensitive and the muscles are weak and must first develop. The newborn can not hold his head alone and his spine is curved.
First, the baby learns to hold his head is lying down and to turn. Then it gradually learns to sit on its own, crawl and stand. Only now does the spine stretch entirely.
Babies and children like to move and volunteer. They are curious and want to explore their surroundings, which should be possible with suitable space and time. However, this should not be forced, especially the good posture of your baby has to develop naturally and happens automatically with sufficient freedom of movement.
It is therefore not appropriate to bring the baby in a position that it can not even take and hold independently (e.g., bring with pillows and other aids in a sitting position). Give him time so that his bones and muscles can freely develop and strengthen, and make sure that the baby can spend a lot of time in a natural posture.
Protect the back of your baby
You can follow your baby’s natural posture based on its development and support it as much as possible. Initially, it is perfectly normal for your baby to be in a crooked position. Wearing a baby sling supports this healthy posture. Once it is free and upright, a carrying frame is well suited, as it gives the baby support in a suitable sitting position.
Prone Positioning allows your baby to move as freely as his or her level of development allows. The movements that it performs, such as turning from abdominal to supine or the rudder movements on the stomach, simply strengthen the back muscles.
It is sometimes unavoidable that your baby spends a long time in an unnatural situation, such as on long car rides in the child seat. Therefore, it is essential to give the baby and his back regular breaks in which to stretch and move.
Well-intentioned play equipment, such as the baby rocker, walkers or so-called baby hoppers are not recommended because the child is placed so often too early in a sitting or standing position and the spine is unnecessarily burdened.
Strengthen the back of your child
To prevent later back problems in time, it is essential to encourage movement in children and to pay attention to the inevitable sitting on good posture. Children in preschool and school age should be at least 2 hours a day move.
If your child sits in one piece longer, care should be taken that the chair and table are of the appropriate height. The 90-90-90 rule applies: your hips, knees, and elbows should all be at 90 degrees when your child is seated at a table. The feet should be flat and firm on the ground. Ideally, some height-adjustable desks and chairs grow with your child.
Alternative seating options such as an exercise ball or an air-filled wedge pillow not only support optimal body posture but also promote attention as they allow movement while sitting.If your child sits static over a more extended period, short and regular breaks should be planned (e.g., jumping jacks).
Further measures to promote a healthy child back
Simple stretching, turning and movement exercises can also strengthen the back muscles and prevent damage. Back schools for children are offered by sports teachers or physiotherapists today in many kindergartens and schools or private practices. Special exercises to protect the spine and to build up the back muscles are demonstrated and practiced.
- Poor posture and back pain are a common disease today
- Causes often arise already in childhood
- Lack of exercise is the main reason for poor posture in children
- Babies back should be protected by supporting the natural posture
- Pay attention to good posture and a lot of movement with the child
- Special exercises to promote the back muscles can be helpful
- Back schools are now available in many kindergartens and schools