The more differentiated the children’s pictures are, the more meaning they get – What significance does a child’s drawing have and why so many children like to paint? It’s a way to express oneself, to present their view of things, and to show them that they can create something lasting.
The way to the first child’s drawing
Children start painting in their first year of life. First, they use what is available. This may be the hand that leaves traces in the sand or mud or the little fingers smeared with mush on the table.
At around one year, the motor skills are so advanced that your child – albeit initially a bit awkward – can pick up a pen. Now it is ready for the first real drawings. The arm moves peppy, controlled from the shoulder, while the little hand holds the pen: It creates a rather uncontrolled scribble, which ideally spreads on the paper.
Such a picture has no deeper meaning. The motor skills must first develop, and the child must recognize the connection between the pen, its activity, and the result. With this development process, the control of the painting movement shifts from the shoulder to the elbow. Now usually densely arranged lines are created on the sheet. This ability to guide a pen with your hands in such a way that the desired result is brought to the paper is called Grafomotorik.
At about 20 months, many children are ready to control the movement of the pen from the wrist. The strokes and zigzags are slowly forming shapes, often curvy or spiral shapes. The choice of color is still arbitrary, and the artwork is quite undifferentiated since the pin is not targeted and discontinued.
However, this also teaches your child, so that the elements spread more over the sheet and are separated from each other. On average you can assume this in the third year of life.
Various painting utensils such as crayons, coloring pages, and stencils can be found here.
Cephalopods and other works of art
With the first closed circle, which of course is not round, announces the end of the scribble phase. Increasingly, your child is now able to comment on the painting, and the meaning can change from one moment to the next.
At this stage, your child discovers that it can consciously put something on the paper. Most of the time this is expressed in cephalopods – from circular shapes, lines run outward. It could be suns.
Educators and researchers, however, believe that these are the first depictions of their perceptions: children experience themselves as the center of the action and extend their feelers to explore the environment.
In the next development step, the lines around the circle become less. The sun-like formations will turn into people whose arms and legs seem to spring straight out of their heads. This finally receives a face, initially often only consisting of individual elements such as eyes or mouth.
It is joined by other forms that represent animals houses, cars and trees. The more differentiated the images of children, the more meaning they receive, can reveal what is going on in your child, illustrate his view of things.
Possibility of expression and mirror of the soul
Researchers found that the development of painting is characteristic of children. Just as a baby can only express itself by crying or crying, then follows the first babble, until finally the first words are articulated, drawings change from uncontrolled scribbles to shadowy forms.
Painting complements the still limited expressive possibilities, which is why most children like to do it.
This process can be observed regardless of the origin and the cultural background. What differs is merely the way it is presented: Children from the Western society of wealth, for example, often paint people with larger heads and arrange them differently than children from poorer regions. From this, researchers conclude that a child’s drawing expresses the experienced environment.
Likewise, the development of children differs – some go through different phases faster, the others slower. Accordingly, the age varies, in which doodles from the first schematic forms arise.
With these children express on the one hand, how they experience the world, on the other hand, self. Self-confident, extroverted children paint more in the center of the image, more reclusive characters on edge.
The situation is similar to the family experience. Children who grow up in loving security behave differently about their parents than those who receive less attention.
How much joy children have in painting depends, among other things, on their support and whether they receive appropriate encouragement.
They do not want to be influenced or pressurized, but to find out for themselves what they can do with pens and express them. So they discover their creativity and can experiment until finally, they bring their emotions to paper. The motor development also plays a role here. Children, Those who find it difficult to hold a pencil and control it to create a drawing because of fine motor delays often have less interest in this activity than children who develop as expected.
Children pictures suggest
Already in the preview phase, drawings are arranged spatially. Your child then divides between top and bottom, what it implies by the so-called baseline. People and objects become more detailed, related to each other, and represent small scenes. Emotions are expressed through the choice of colors, which previously played less of a role. This gives a child’s drawing narrative character.
Three-dimensional perspectives and realistic size relationships are still missing. Important elements, however, are larger, more central and more in the foreground. By asking your child to tell you who the people in the picture are, you can see how your child experiences them.
According to educators and art educators, houses are often a symbol of security for children, trees and flowers are liveliness, and this also allows conclusions to be drawn.
Further information conveys the mood of the picture: If the sun shines or rains, is it embellished or rather empty, which elements are often repeated on drawings, the faces laugh, or they look sad, how are the elements related to each other, which colors were used?
If your child predominantly uses dark colors and sets them apart from the action, this can express sadness or a feeling of being out of balance.
Despite these interpretations, children’s drawings should not be overstated. It can also be used a black pen because the just was tangible or another color is broken. It is recommended to look at different pictures before concluding, and to let them always work in their entirety.
Children’s drawings have individual elements depending on their age. As development progresses, they provide information about the child’s inner life and worldview, including:
- used elements
- Company Overview
- color selection
- mediated mood