How to Use an Electric Planer (Part-2)
To use your electric planer, here are some basic tips that will help you, especially if you are beginner in the world of DIY and you never or rarely handled electric planer of your life.
Working with the electric planer
For ambitious DIY enthusiasts, it is not a question, but a fact: The electric planer belongs to the essential equipment of the tool assortment. And yet, although almost every hand or handyman knows many sayings about the old-fashioned machine, there is often ignorance about the correct handling. How is working with the electric planing machine at all? What kind of work can be done with it and when is it more useful to grasp the grinding machine? Is there only the one, only true electric plane or special shapes? With this article, we bring light into the dark corners of DIY knowledge and deal with the planer work more precisely.
This is how the electric planer works
Do you know a simple hand planer? It has a sharp blade at the bottom, which, similar to a razor blade, removes the top layer of wood. The electric planer works similarly, only that you do not even have to exert any force. As a rule, electric planers have two knives connected to the so-called planing shaft. The planer shaft achieves an excellent speed with up to 10,000 revolutions and drives the blades so reliably that they cut the wood like butter. To make the planer easier to guide, the front portion of the planing sole of V-shaped grooves is described. The blades of the electric beam can vary in height and thus change the removal capacity.
Ultimately, you can use an electric planer to remove both the upper layers of wood and create a flat surface. Straighten the surface only; the result resembles that of honed wood. In contrast to the grinding machine, the electric planer can also work out deeper notches or damage from the wood. The function of ablation is more interesting and comprehensive. The electronic planer paves the way to endless possibilities. Work on a round piece of wood, for example, to create straight and clean edges. Work tongue and groove in wood or chamfer work pieces. You can also use the electric planer for artistic work. With enough practice, you gracefully decorate work pieces and create curves. But even with simple work, the wood planer is a suitable tool - and above all easy to handle. Within a short time, Bevel or cut your door so that it no longer glides over the floor. The simple hand-held electric planer is used in a wide variety of wood types.
Use the electric planer correctly - Application areas and operation
In some cases, the application areas of the electric grinder and a grinding device can be mixed. This is particularly the case for jobs where you only need to straighten or quickly remove the surface of a work piece. However, the result differs even in the reduction of a few millimeters of wood. When shaving and removing wood fibers in all cutting directions, the electroplate works in a single direction. Planing a surface, the planing knives cleanly separate the individual wood fibers, creating a very flat surface. In this way, you can bring out the natural grain of the wood beautifully and can often do without waxes or oils. What sounds like an advantage, however, can also be a disadvantage.
TIP: edit a surface with only one tool. For example, you can grind a table top halfway and plan the other half to get distinct table sections.
The electric planer is, of course, your tool of choice not only in this form of surface treatment. You can also use it
- Make Accessible
The smoothing has already been described above. Now we will deal with the other fields of application:
This technique is used when you want to draw a fold into a work piece. For this purpose, you have to place the electric planer triangularly on the tool. If you have drawn a straight line along the piece of wood, deepen it with each further planing stroke. Gradually, place the electric planer horizontally until you have brought a fold that meets your requirements. The fold is a graduation of the surface in the woodworking.
The chamfering is a fixed term in edge processing. If you are looking for a piece of wood with a straight edge, the Elektrohobel is your means of choice. When chamfering, you create edges at an angle you want. The chamfering also belongs to edge processing. In this case, do not chamfer a jagged edge, but round it neatly with the electric planer. Alternatively, you can remove so much material from the side of a piece of wood that a narrow, flat decorative surface is created.
Have you just moved new flooring in your home and suddenly grind a door? This is annoying, but no problem for you. If the height difference is so striking by the new flooring that you can not lift the door with a washer, shorten the door with the electric planer. To do this, raise the door out of the hinges, place it on a workbench and remove as much material as floor coverings at the lower entrance end.
4. Consistently make
You know it. They have an old chest of drawers, which is still beautiful but has a solid flaw: grinding drawers. Wood is a steadily working material, and it quickly happens that drawers are no longer easily glide in and out. This problem can be resolved with the electric planer. Please bear in mind that you can not perform all work with a single power planer. As you have various attachments for drilling machines, there are different electric planers. We will provide you with the following information.
For optimum comfort and safety, we advise you to equip yourself:
- Protective gloves
- Of a dust mask
- Protective eyewear
- And a noise-canceling headphones
Ensure the stability of the piece of wood
Before starting any operation, we advise you to make sure that your piece of wood is stable, ideally by using a table provided for this purpose (which you can find here) which will allow you to securely fix the piece or pieces of wood. That you desire to plan.
Remove from the work piece anything that could interfere with planing
It is essential to check that the pieces of wood (especially in the case of reclaimed wood) that you are going to work are free from any materials that could interfere with or prevent planing:
- the screws
- Any other foreign bodies
In this case, you risk simply sketching your planer at the level of the blades, your piece itself, but also taking serious risks for your safety.
Adjusting the depth of cut
Adjust the thickness of the chips that is, the depth of cut. Depending on the quantity you want to plan, the fineness will have to be more or less thin. You can test wooden templates to ensure that the level of planing announced by the machine matches the reality you see. We advise you to make several passes to have precision planing. For example, if you want to plan with a depth of 4mm, we encourage you to make a passage to 2, to 3 then finally to 4mm for more precision.
Select chip removal side
The chip evacuation will then take place on one side or the other. Depending on your planing position, you can click on most models on which side you want to see the chips evacuate. Also, if you have a vacuum cleaner and your electric planer is equipped with a vacuum cleaner nozzle (which will be very often the case) do not hesitate to connect it. You can also find good workshop vacuum cleaners by clicking on this link. If you do not have a vacuum cleaner, it is entirely possible that the manufacturer of your electric planer has thought of accompanying the machine with a dust bag of the appropriate dimensions.
Maintenance of the electric planer
For the use of the planer, it is essential not to put its weight on it, at the risk of constraining it in its use and of overloading it. The planing is always done with two hands using two handles:
- A first handle at the back of the electric planer which will have to mission to push the device. It is often circular in shape and includes the planing switch, with some models being able to have consecutive planing, as well as a safety, switch to avoid accidentally turning on the unit (such as the Bosch PHO model 1500,2000 & 3100).
- A second handle, further forward, will serve you to guide the electric planer. Moreover, it is through this handle that you will be able to adjust the depth of pass. Most often, you will need to make a setting using a knob that will be graduated to the nearest millimeter.
Place the front of the planer on the piece of wood making sure that the blades do not touch wood before engaging the planing. Once you are correctly positioned in the direction you want to plan, you can light the electric planer by applying a slight pressure in the direction you want to plane, that is to say on the front. It is important once again not to put his weight on the electric plane, but to make a passage in flexibility, slowly taking his time. Once you arrive at the end of the pass, you can reorient the center of pressure backward to finish the planing. You will then end by gently lifting the planer and releasing the ignition trigger. Once your operation is completed, most planes have a safety cover to raise the machine, which prevents the blades from coming into contact with the piece of wood, thus preventing a potential degradation of the part. If your electric planer is of high quality in its blades or if they are not too worn, you will not need to touch or finish such as sandblasting. If you have a model of electric planer that has reversible blades, you should know that you can turn them over, which will double their useful life.
Please pay attention to the use of an electric battery
Also, apart from the usual safety precautions, there are some points that you should take into consideration when working with an electric planer. They are not just for your safety, but guarantee a clear result:
- The first start then switches on - Switch on the planing machine only when you have already placed it on the workpiece. The cutting blades penetrate the wood cleanly and evenly. Turn on the electric planer first; the first cuts could penetrate the wood at an oblique angle and provoke ugly flaws.
- Proceed step by step - you can adjust the planing depth for each wood planer. However, you should only wear a small amount of material at a time and perform several passes. The result is much cleaner in this way. This point applies to you in principle if you are still quite inexperienced in dealing with electric planes.
- Do not press the planer - pressure is automatically applied when using the electric machine. If the electric planer is additionally pressed firmly on the workpiece, the speed of the planer shaft is reduced, which results in the effect.
- Adjust the depth adjustment - If you are working with very hard wood, or if you notice that the speed is reduced, you should change the planing depth and reduce it considerably.
- Check the blade sharpness - before use, check the sharpness of the planer blades. On most electric planers, you can only turn the knives in front of the final exchange.
- Never work with dull knives - Forget the exchange, you will never get a clean result. Blunt knives damage the wood fibers and increase your risk of injury.
- Empty the dust bag - Regularly check that the dust bag of the electrical fabric is already filled. Some electric planers can be connected to individual suction devices so that the dust bag is no longer needed.
Keep these points in mind, and you will enjoy working with your electric planer. However, we will give you a tip: Do not start with an elaborate work. First, practice your electric planer. Test how a fold can be done easily or with which pressure you have to guide the planer over workpieces.
You know, practice makes the master - also the master planer.