How to use a planer (Part-1)

What is a planer?

Dewalt dw734

Dewalt dw734

The planer is one of the oldest tools of carpenters and joiners For over 3,000 years used humanity planing to process wood material. Already in ancient Rome people did not want to do without smooth surfaces. By planing, a small layer of wood or plastic surfaces can be removed very cleanly and precisely. In the first place, chips are removed, which is why there is a general question of machining. The classic planers are made of mainly hard wood, mostly from very solid beach wood. Still, carpenters and woodworkers swear by the conventional planers, with which a very precise and careful work is possible. In the planing block, there is a large slit in which the sharp steel hoof is located. The traditional basic principle of a planer is of course, reflected in electric planers. An electronic planing machine can be useful for hardwoods and larger surfaces if the manual planing of the classic planer becomes too long-lasting. Also, electric planers ensure a faster and more thorough chip removal on the surface.

Grinding or planing?

In the case of wood, it is inevitable to abrade or planarize the upper and lower surfaces as well as the corners and edges before processing the surface (e.g., lacquer, paint or oil). Both possibilities of machining surfaces wear a small layer. Sanding is a good way to remove bumps or rough surfaces, especially in smaller areas or partially. In the case of solid wood, however, there is no way around the planer. By planing, a vast territory, e.g., of paint or varnish, it can be effectively freed or even a few millimeters of mass can be removed. Whether planed or sanded depends on the planned further processing. If a piece of wood is to be coated with a coating, it is advisable to grind as the oils and varnishes can penetrate deeper into the material than when planing. For uneven wood surfaces, you should be careful. Here, planing can quickly tear a fiber or break the wood with thin material. The advantage of grinding machines is that they can be used more versatile as planers and also for metal or stone. If the surface to be removed is somewhat thicker, machining with a planer works much more quickly and more evenly than with a grinding machine. A fragile layer is removed by grinding. If the thickness of a piece of wood is to be reduced, planers are better suited. Also, the surface after planing is significantly smoother than after grinding.

Manual or electric planer?

Manual and classic or modern and electric? What kind of planer should it be today? This question many hobbies, home improvement, which is looking for a new planer. It is no wonder, as both types of the traditional hand tools are still in high demand - and are therefore also represented in a large selection in the trade. However, this question can not be answered in an overly general manner. It is usually a question of what is to be used - this is also in the case with the issue of whether it is better to be a classical or an electric planer in your present case. Both types of the planer have their advantages and disadvantages and weaknesses and strengths. This makes them more suitable and sometimes less suitable for individual work projects. Also, it should be noted that - even if the name of both types may suggest this - not in the same way to work. The perfect planing consists of example of a plane iron, which is drawn with muscle strength on the material surface. As a result, the latter is removed in chips, which is why the actual planing is also called chipping. The greatest advantage of the classic planer is still that the results of the work can vary so precisely because the craftsman can vary and use his strength very well. It is, therefore, possible, if desired, to work very carefully and closely. This is especially valuable for soft and delicate materials and very fragile or sensitive work: and a reason why many professionals still do not want to miss a classic planer. On the other hand, there is the electric planer, which resembles its operation rather than a tiller a planer. Because most modern models work with one or two rotating blades, they wear parts of the surface completely without muscle power and thus relatively quickly. This happens less precisely but less strenuous and fast. For this reason, electronic planer are nowadays preferred for the processing of very hard materials or large surfaces - not infrequently also from the professionals, who usually prefer the classical hand planers. Best planers are most of the time comes from electric planers.

Where electric planers can be used?

An electric planer can be used both for removal as well as rectifying the wood material. Moreover, indentations and folds can be worked up with an electric planer; raw material can be chamfered and material edges ground. Use of an electric planer can easily edged wooden slats, beams and planks sanded smooth to and worked well. Electronic planers can also be used ideally for the milling of wood materials as well as for sanding wooden doors. Depending on the level of hardness of the wood material, up to 3 millimeters of wood chips can be removed in one operating train. Depending on the design and mode of operation of the charged beam, these values ​vary. If you regularly work with wood, then the purchase of an electric planer for you can worth.

Advantages

      • Uniform removal of the surface
      • Faster and more comfortable work than with a classic planer
      • Ideal for the careful removal of lacquer, oil and paint layers
      • Is used when processing old wooden objects

Disadvantages

      • Not for metal, stone and particularly hard materials
      • Under certain circumstances problems with hardwood (pay attention to small clearance)
      • Much can also be done with a grinder

How does an electric planer work?

In principle, an electric planer is more comparable to a milling machine than with conventional planers. Most of the articles in our electric planer test have a rotating knife blade (e.g., Bosch electric planes) or two knife blades. At high speed and high speed, the blades cut little chips from the wood surface very evenly. For this reason, the machines are best suited for surfaces which do not show any irregularities or even unevenness before the planing process. However, similar to the classic planer, it should not be blown away too much at once. It is best for the material if you choose a small planing depth and go over the wood several times with the best electric planer. Also with the adjustable planing width, which is generally at a little more than 80 mm, should not be exaggerated. A great planing width combined with a large cutting depth can quickly overwhelm the power tool.

Tips to use

Tips to use a planer

Tips to use a planer

  • For perfect results and a smooth set of tools, an electronic planer is only started when the machine’s motor is switched on.
  • An electric planer should remove only a small quantity of material, especially at the beginning of each use: the smaller the depth of the cutting depth, the more precise the results of the work.
  • A slow tool operation also ensures that the speed is not reduced by the resulting contact pressure of the machine.
  • If the speed drops, adjust the depth setting so that the planer does not tip over.
  • Commercial devices are equipped with planing knives which, after they have been blunted, must be reversed and replaced. The blade sharpness must be checked before each use, dull material would not only damage the wood surface, but could also result in injuries.
  • Conventional electric planers are equipped with a dust bag. Depending on the wood material and removal rate, this integrated bag does not always suffice. It is also important to note that the dust bag has to be emptied regularly for perfect work results.
  • Higher-quality models have a special vacuum cleaner to properly collect the wood chips. Alternatively, you can purchase a separate workshop vacuum cleaner.
  • There are also individual electronic planer machines which have an adjustable suction device. In this way, large wood chips can be reliably disposed of. Since the suction tube often clogs, it must be cleaned regularly.

Tips for the product care of electrical furniture

Professional artisans but also the enthusiastic amateur handyman with an electric planer very well advised in his tool kit. Editing wood surfaces and milling edges can be tedious and strenuous work. An electronic planer provides a remedy here and can significantly facilitate the welding work. However, to be able to provide you with a reliable service for an extended period, a thorough product care is essential. The power tool must be adequately cleaned and properly stored. The best way to get the most out of your product is by using the tips and tricks in this short guide.

  • The product care of electric furniture is in most cases not very complicated or time-consuming but at regular intervals necessary. Before starting any maintenance or cleaning work on the device, it must be switched off and disconnected from the power supply. This prevents the electric planer from being unintentionally put into operation. Your personal safety must, of course, always be a top priority in product care.
  • The metering inserts on the electric planer will be used over time. Depending on how often and in which way they use the power tool, it can take a different era before the blades have to be replaced. As soon as you notice that the removal rate of the electric planer is slightly reduced at work, you should check the modules for your sharpness. Most planers are equipped with a Wendesser that can be used first. Only when the second side also does not perform any satisfactory work, it will be necessary to replace the knives completely. As a rule, the exchange should work relatively directly. If there are any uncertainties, please follow the instructions given in the user manual. There may be different approaches for different models.
  • After each use of the electric planer, it should be freed from dust and planer chips. Above all, the knives must also be cleaned. It is advisable to wear protective gloves during the change of the blade to minimize the risk of cutting injuries. A slightly damp cloth should be sufficient to clean the case. If stubborn stains have become stuck on the electric grater, you can also use a little gentle detergent. When cleaning, however, be careful not to allow water to get into the interior of the electric machine by scratching the housing. Here, moisture can lead to a short circuit and thus irreversible damage to the sensitive technology.
  • After the machine has been used, the dust bag must also be emptied regularly. Check also if there are clogging in the exhaust pipe and eliminate clipped wood chips best by hand. Then the wood planer will be ready for use again next time.
  • If the electric planer is not utilized for an extended period, it should be stored either in its original packaging or its transport case made of hard plastic. Store the power tool in a dry place that is free from high-temperature fluctuations.
  • If you follow these simple instructions for the product care of electric furniture, then you have a long time to enjoy with your practical power tool.

Questions and Answers on the topic

  1. What accessories are available for electric planers?

In most cases, stops are not part of the electrical equipment, but they are often required. With a parallel stop, edges can be shaved cleanly at right angles. Other angle stops can also be purchased. For necessary accessories, such as a side stop, you have to reach into the pocket again. This connects only to a limited extent for home-made DIY enthusiasts. For example, if you have a parallel stop for a milling machine of the same brand, you can also use it in electric planers. Many of the machines can be used up to a folding depth of 10 mm for folding.

  1. What does an electric planer cost?

Most electric hand-held machines from our portable test are already available for less than 100 dollars. Bosch electric planers are usually somewhat more expensive than the average, but they also stand out with high quality. Cheap electric planers do not have to be worse, but they often save on the accessories. In our electric planer test, there are only a few differences in quality – in contrast to the price. Favorite brands are mainly Bosch, Dewalt, Black + Decker, Einhell, and Makita.

  1. What are the safety instructions?

When working with electric planers, you should always wear protective goggles as flying chips could damage your eyes. It is also desirable to wear a dust mask and hearing protection. When you are ready to finish grinding, be sure to place the machine down when the blades do not turn. Most of the appliances in our electric planer comparison have a parking shoe, which allows you to park the planer safely, but the electric bobbin can quickly become self-sufficient if you are not careful after working.

  1. Can any vacuum cleaner be connected to the vacuum cleaner?

High-quality models are delivered with their vacuum cleaner for the wood shavings. If this is not the case, you can also optionally connect a commercial vacuum cleaner to the electric grinder. Some models even have a suction device, which can be set differently. Especially when wet wood shavings clog the pipes, this can be very helpful. A perfect vacuum cleaner for the living area is by the way not suitable for use with an electric planer.

  1. Can spare blades be easily bought up and where can they be found? Are they universally applicable for all models, or does each manufacturer or model have its own format?

As a rule, replacement blades can be easily ordered or purchased. The construction market and the specialist dealers are good points of contact to buy blades. Of course, you can also order the desired spare blades mostly simply on the Internet. In principle, most extra blades can also be attached universally to devices from various manufacturers.

  1. Can the knives be reground or must these wear be replaced?

Whether knives can be reground depends primarily on the type of blade. Welding tools made of tungsten carbide are very sturdy, but they are usually not sanded. A rustic Wendemesser, on the other hand, does not necessarily have to be replaced and you can regrind it if necessary. If there is any uncertainty, please take the enclosed instructions for use and follow the manufacturer’s instructions.

  1. What are the alternatives to the electronic planer?

Milling, grinding , or at least the classic planer: Useful alternatives that present themselves to the planer, as already several times in our electronic planer test indicated yet. Not every work step or work process has to be done with a planer. Sometimes another electrical or manual device is suitable. However, each method and device has its own strengths and weaknesses compared to the electric planer. So there is also the question of which alternatives there are to the electronic planer, ultimately entirely alone with you, for which device you decide. However, simplicity and clarity of, we call you again all strengths and weaknesses and thus also the benefits and disadvantages of the alternatives to electric planer at a glance: The classic planer is operated by muscle power. This makes it possible to work very cautiously and precisely, if desired. This makes an excellent planer perfect for very delicate or artistic work. In the case of large surfaces or very hard materials, however, collaborate with a classic planer can quickly get in the truest sense of the word – providing unnecessary frustration and a much longer working time. However, some professionals and DIY enthusiasts also swear on the hand plane for larger surfaces and tougher materials, since the work results can be better and more evenly adjusted – depending on the planer and the user’s skills.

Belt grinder: A grinding machine works very fast and wears especially fragile layers of surface quickly and reliably from. Also, the rough face of the surface is more abrasive than a planer, so that oils, varnishes and also colors can penetrate better and deeper into the surface. If the material is later to be coated, then this can be advantageous. However, you will already notice that this also means that the result is not as beautiful as it is after machining with a planer. And above all, larger surfaces, where a thicker layer has to be removed, can quickly become a grueling patience with a grinding machine. Milling is suitable by their little essays especially for beautiful or artful and decorative works and for ornamentation. However, by their nature and mode of operation, they are not suitable for the removal of large surface layers and also not always to clean corners or edges. The latter, however, as well as grooving, can also be produced with a milling cutter. Depending on the model, the result can be cleaner than with the planer. However, a steady hand or the right equipment is necessary.

There are now quite well multi functional devices that everything can almost according to its manufacturers: planing, milling, grinding and often sawing. Here, however, as with any other electrical device, the quality of the present model is in small and subtle detail. Because especially very cheap multi-functional devices from unknown no-name manufacturers can do anything a little, but nothing really good – to say it with drastic words. Of course, this does not mean that a multi functional bargain can be worth money. When selling and comparing, however, remember that well-known manufacturers usually only offer them for several thousand dollars, and that this is more a matter of professional stands – and that this may not be entirely without reason.

  1. The Internet. Where can I buy my planer?

We now want to inform you in our test also where the best planers winner can best buy. Various possibilities are available.

  1. Purchasing in local shops

If you are a planer, have decided you can buy these may also in local trade. Usually, however, it is so that this longer journeys and an expensive car park must accept. It is not always guaranteed that the hardware stores of you prefer test winner be found. Admittedly, you can have a sales representative advise you. Unfortunately, you will have to expect another device to recommend it. Many sellers are also stopped by their superiors, initially to extol shopkeeper. Do not be put off by this, even though the sales talks can be quite intrusive.It is always problematic if you do not like the planing machine at home. Perhaps this also does not meet the desired expectations. Not every specialist retailer simply takes these tools back. You must expect to receive a voucher instead of a purchase price refund. Therefore, they are again bound for this business for a new purchase.

Advantages

      • You can take a look at the planing machine,
      • You will receive a consultation,
      • You can take the machine with you immediately.

Disadvantages

      • Long driveways and parking,
      • Not always the desired device is in stock,
      • Danger of getting a shopkeeper turned on,
      • Usually higher price.

B. Purchasing on the Internet

Avoid long access routes and a partner search. Instead, you can move comfortably from home to your desired planer over the Internet order. Here you will certainly find a good selection of vendors who can supply exactly these machines. Just browse through the great offer and buy with few mouse clicks at favorable conditions. You also do not have to do without an online shopping. Many online retailers can give you valuable information about these machines by telephone or e-mail. Nevertheless, you are free in your decision and will not be pressured. It is particularly advantageous that you at an online shopping of your right of withdrawal may make. If you do not like the selected planer, just return it to the dealer. You will then receive a purchase price.You do not need to worry about making an online purchase. Choose mainly certified dealer, you even a buyer protection guarantee. Depending on the provider, you may receive your goods within 24 hours. You should also keep in mind that you can shop around the clock and even on weekends.

Advantages

      • Gigantic selection,
      • cheap prices,
      • Right of revocation,
      • Shopping around the clock, even on weekends,
      • Many payment options,
      • Purchasing protection.

Disadvantages

      • No inspection possible.

9. What is the history of the electronic planer?

The history of the electric planer is fundamentally and almost seamlessly into the classic planer. For this reason, we must first deal with its past before we can come to the actual history of the modern electric planer. The history of the classical plow starts already in the ancient Roman Empire and also in ancient Egypt. Various traditions of goods were planed or panel-like hand tools there already more than 3000 years ago in use to work and smooth wooden surfaces. Also, however, planers were also used in which grooving or grooving could be made. The oldest and surviving planer, which are most similar to today's planing tools, come from the Roman Empire. The first planes, which is today's devices most similar, however, probably came to the AD 1200 v. On. Over time, the planer not only in an international craft essence took but a supporting role, but it also conquered our proverbs. Almost everyone knows the motto: "Where shavings are made, there are also chips." This is said to be a popular interpretation, which in most things there are disadvantages which can not be avoided and which must be accepted in consequence. Another possible interpretation of the old proverb is, however, that you sometimes have to take sacrifices to reach a goal - so that you can damage yourself on your way to the goal or harm others, but do not always avoid it Can the planer used to be utilized for a broad range of applications and still has planers for these. Primarily, however, is today between planing for flat or curved surfaces distinguished or between planing for useful or decorative shapes. These differ in detail mainly by the form, size, and nature of their iron and soles. Some planers, especially electric models, can be used - for example, by different blades, knives or blades - for various application areas. The first electric planer came however only the beginning to mid-20th-century fashion - in common with most electrical devices, all gradually the standard equipment extended. Unlike more power tools, such as drilling machines or saws, electrical planers have not succeeded in replacing or distributing the conventional planers. The reason for this is the shifting strengths of the two planer types. Because while a perfect planing still spotless and detailed can work, an electric planer is better suited for hard surfaces and large-scale works. So here it can be said that a classical planer is clearly not equal to a electric planer or must be.

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