They are large, make enormous noise and spread fear in the summer months: Hornets are in many places unpopular. Unpopularity, on the one hand, arises from the manifold prejudices, such as the danger of death by several hornets, and, on the contrary, from the nesting behavior of the Hornets. For if the young kings do not find a suitable natural nesting place after their winter sleep at the beginning of May, they seek this in human fields. Popular places for the construction of a horny nest are birdboxes or boxes of shutters, wooden claddings on terraces or niches in roofing.
If a horn test is located in or at a small distance from the living space, this can be removed. However, some rules have to be observed for this, since hornets are protected by nature because of their acute stock risk. Thus, the Federal Nature Conservation Act regulates the fact that hornets are not killed, and their nest must not be destroyed. A breach of this legal regulation may be penalized with a fine of up to EUR 50,000. An exception is only permitted using a special permit. To be able to remove a horn test within the legal framework, the following course should be followed …
- First of all, it is necessary to establish the extent to which an acute danger arises from the Hornets. For this purpose, photographs can be made, and a letter can be drawn up which documents the urgency of the distance and explains it. Urgent reasons can be, for example, allergic reactions to insect bites or the immediate proximity to living and sleeping areas.
- After this, an application is made for removal or resettlement of the Hornissennest at the city. Responsible for this is the Office of Environment and Landscape Management. If the application is accepted, the applicant receives a special permit for the removal or relocation of the Hornissennest.
- This particular permit can be used to approach a chamber hunter or the fire brigade, who will remove the horn trap properly.
- To provide a remedy without destroying the nest
If the application for special authorization is not met, a fly screen may provide a remedy. This can, if possible, be tensioned at about four meters distance around the horn test so that the trajectory of the insects can be diverted. If the horn test is outside the living area and the trajectory passes through it, fly screens can deflect the trajectory at the windows.
In the winter months, the horn test can also be removed without a proper help with a spade or spatula. At the latest, with the first frost, the last worker bees die, with which the nest is uninhabited. The abandoned nests are not protected by nature and will not be resettled next year so that they can be removed without special permission.
The hornet’s strokes are by no means more poisonous than those of wasps. In general, it is to be noted that hornets are also very peaceful animals, which is only in immediate danger for their people and their queen. This vulnerability is due to too close proximity to the horn test as well as by jerky movements. There is a risk of allergic reactions to a hornet’s stick.