The fresh herbal kitchen is becoming more and more popular – whether it is aromatic sauces, spicy stews, refined steaks, and fillets or refreshing dips – there is no limit to the unspeakable variety – and these small plantlets are also really healthy! One more reason to bring color into his meals. But with the choice of the herbs, there are questions to be asked – Dried herbs that have lost their decorative appearance and their characteristic color? The low-chilled variant, which quickly reaches its limits in its diversity? Or freshly bought stems, which are not long-lasting?
It is also much more beneficial: Why not create your herb garden on the balcony, which provides you unlimited variety with herbs with its variety and is also an eye catcher par excellence? This does not even require significant effort or space and ensures that your favorite herbs are always available immediately.
Required materials and equipment
- First of all, perfectly matching clay pots are the essentials for your plants. These should not be too small in size, as herbs grow relatively quickly. Deep-rooted plants should be given particular attention so that they can thrive in full growth. Also, the pots should have drainage holes so that excess water can drain and the plant does not enter through stunts. These holes should be designed with potsherds or small stones to prevent the earth from slipping out.
- To avoid water laughter on the balcony, coasters are placed under the pots.
- In the choice of the earth, the prosperity of the shoots can also be facilitated by properly keeping them. Mediterranean plants prefer nutrient-rich, marsh or damp plants nutrient-rich substrate.
- Otherwise only the favorite herbs are needed, and off we go!
Instructions – the cultivation of herbs
Before the work is done, an accurate plan should be made about the later appearance of the garden. The type and number of herbs, the size of the place and the sun’s side are decisive. Perennial perennials usually require more space in the vessel as well as a winter quarter during the frost period. One-year varieties have fewer claims because they have to be sown every year. It should also be noted that shadow plants must not be exposed to the blazing sun, and sun-loving specimens thrive better outside the shadow. An accurate knowledge of its saplings is therefore unavoidable. Preferably, varieties with similar requirements are put together or are simultaneously planted together in large boxes or pots to avoid possible errors or uncertainties during maintenance.
- After the purchase of all necessary materials, first, the clay pots are designed with the clay pots and depending on the plant species different herbs are given to one-third. These are either ready to buy, or you mix them yourself. For Mediterranean varieties (rosemary, thyme, lavender) a ratio of 1: 3 for humus and sand, and depending on the preferred nutrient density, more soil and less sand to the damp plants (mint, lemon balm, cress).
- Then the substrate is poured, and the plants are put in.
- Finally, add some herbal tea on top and place the pots at their location on the saucers.
Tips for the perfect herb garden
- The exact knowledge of the preferences of your varieties also includes the required amount of water and nutrient addition. Not every species tolerates fertilizer; others thrive by regular fertilization. Improper handling also damages the aroma. Biological fertilizer is the recommended variant for safe consumption.
- Regular controls on pest infestations or diseases are also supported. Weakened and infected perennials can quickly infect others! Basil, for example, is very susceptible to snail infestation and should, therefore, be placed a little apart.
- Perfect combinations are, for example, chives – parsley – dill or marjoram – oregano – thyme. These have approximately the same requirements and can be easily planted together. However, the deep root of the dill should be considered. Dillsamen are also edible.
- Not recommended for a garden on the balcony are very high species, such as Liebstöckel or Tarragon.
- There are many varieties for keeping and removing the herbs. Delicate and one-year varieties are best frozen in portions to keep their flavor. Woody species can be dried very well. Herbal oils or oils from your garden are a tasty alternative and very decorative.
- In principle, the leaves and shoots should be harvested before flowering, since they then have their full aroma. If they still bloom, the seeds can easily be dried to allow sowing next year.