How to grow peppermint – in the garden or on the balcony
Peppermint itself – explained step by step
The peppermint is a widely spread useful plant of the genus Minzen and is used mainly as a healing and spice plant. Characteristic of this type is a high menthol content and a low content of carvone, which makes the typical smell of the mint. The term “pepper” in the name owes the plant its sharp taste. Since the mint, in addition to its culinary characteristics, is also a botanical considered an excellent plant, it can be cultivated excellently in its garden or on the balcony. How this works and what to look out for cultivation can be found here.
for the cultivation of peppermint plant following materials are required
- Seed or young plants
- A bed or plant container (typically clay pots)
- Calcareous and humus rich soil or lime and compost for enrichment
- Watering can, garden shears and, if necessary, some fertilizer
Choosing the right location and the right floor
01Before the actual plant, the site should be prepared. The peppermint thrives splendidly in the shade and should under no circumstances be exposed to intense sunlight, such as the hot noon.
02Mints are very pollinated plants and therefore need many nutrients. Calcareous and humus-rich soils have proven to be a well-suited base and provide a particularly rich aroma. If your soil does not have this texture, you can enrich it with lime and compost to create the right conditions. Mints develop very many fine-fibrous roots. So that they can grow well, the soil should be loose and not too tight. Perfect is the ground texture in clay pots, but also in the bed, it can be easily tested with a finger switch. Due to the high consumption of nutrients, the mint has to change location every three years.
Cultivation and care
- Peppermint plants are available from May in hardware stores and garden centers and can be planted directly. Whoever wants to be safe, they planted for the Ice Saints. Gardeners who want to plant their plants should let the seeds germinate from March and expose the young plants in early summer.
- In general, the mint can be quickly grown since it is very robust and easy to care for. Essential for beautiful plants is regular watering. If the roots become too dry, they are quickly the victim of a seismic attack, which has an adverse impact on the growth.
- The plant shows a strong herbaceous growth, which is why it should be kept in check by regular pruning.
- Due to the rapid growth of the mint, the distance between the individual plants is generous.
- Another point of care is the removal of exotic plants from the growth area. The fine root is quickly damaged by other plants in the immediate environment, so such plants are great disturbing factors.
Harvesting and wintering
- In the period between June and August, you can harvest the aromatic leaves and use them for example for tea preparation. With the arrival of autumn, the plants begin to wither and should be prepared for the winter.
- Nowadays, most of the mint are winter hat and can easily overwinter in the bed with a potent backcourt. Plants in pots should not remain outdoors due to the risk of frost damage. If you want to protect your plants additionally, they can wrap them with blister film or cover them with a layer of brushwood.
If the plants show signs of development, they can be covered with some fertilizer. However, a site change should follow such symptoms, as well as when the plant is susceptible to diseases.