Kiwis are one of the world’s most popular fruits due to their high content of vitamin C, calcium and iron. The so-called Chinese gooseberry, or also known as a ray handle, could only be planted in greenhouses or warm tropical regions such as New Zealand until a few decades ago, but thanks to the most modern breedings nowadays cultivation in the in-house garden in Germany is also possible. Also visually enriches the kiwi plant the garden. With a growth height of about 10 meters, the Schlingstrauch climbs with fences, similar to ivy, on fences and facades and thus also serves as a visual protection and shade dispenser.
If you want to plant kiwifruit in the garden, you need the following
- winter-hard kiwi young plants, both at least one male as well as one female (the planting of seeds is also possible, however this bloom only after six to ten years)
- a nutrient-rich and lime-poor soil with a PH value of about six (if the soil does not provide sufficient nutrients, rhododendron earth can also be added)
- a windy and warm location to the south
- Tannenzweige or bark ground as a cover in winter
- Humuserde from the second year of planting
- some tension wires as well as a grading aid
Instructions for planting and cultivating kiwifruit
- After the young plants have been purchased, they are best planted in late spring. First, the male plant with the pot should be placed in a hole in the soil. For this reason, the young female plants (a maximum of seven) are planted so that the male can later fertilize them.
- The kiwi plants must always be poured regularly, as the wilting shrub otherwise sets its fruit growth or causes a bitter taste in the fruit.
- In the first year, only the main drive should be left standing and cut back to create more branching and to achieve a higher yield.
- If the side gears are long enough, they are fixed with tension wires before they reach the grading aid.
- So that the kiwis can survive in the following winter even at muscles, they must be covered tightly with tannins.
- In the following year, the side gears should be shortened again and again.
- The first fruit shoots are now being formed in the third year. From now on, special care must be taken when reducing, since a separated fruit drive no longer carries fruit.
08Finally, the kiwifruit can be harvested in the fourth year towards the end of September and the beginning of October. If, however, the taste is still too bitter or too little flavor, they can then, if need be, ripen in a sunny place in or at the house.