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Baby Development Baby Guide

Child foot development

The development of children’s feet and baby legs is always progressing somewhat faster than the growth of the rest of the body. Children’s feet are always a step ahead of other body parts such as the hands and arms. The feet of boys develop somewhat more slowly than that of the girls.

About 99 percent of all children are born with healthy feet. In the course of life, however, feet have to withstand many stresses, which is why less than half of all adults still have healthy feet. One reason for foot problems in the adult age is attributable, among other things, to poorly fitting shoes – even in childhood. Problems can arise when wear is carried too tight, too small, too wide, too big or too pointed. 

Only if the development of the children’s feet is not restricted, they can develop into healthy adult feet. For this reason, you should pay close attention to your child’s foot health.

The development of children’s feet and children’s legs is only completed at a late stage

If a baby comes into the world, the little feet are hardly developed yet. The foot skeleton mainly consists of cartilage, is soft and deformable. The feet look flat and bland. This impression is due to the thick grease padding that protects the baby feet.

Even in the crab age baby feet do not look out for an adult foot. It is only when the child gets upright and slowly, and begins to walk, the longitudinal and transverse vault of the foot is formed. Around the 6th year of life, a child’s foot then has approximately the proportions of adult feet.

The ossification of the skeleton in the foot can continue even into the youth age. The final foot length reaches girls between the ages of 12 and 13, while boys only reach the age between 14 and 15.

O-legs – typical baby

Often, parents worry about the O-legs of their baby. These concerns, however, are unfounded. In newborns, O-legs are perfectly normal. In the mother’s abdomen, the spatial conditions are limited, and the child occupies a space-saving position.

A straightforward growth of the bones is not possible in the mother’s body. Also, the light O legs are practical when the child starts to run. The O-setting gives bold start-ups additional stability.

X-legs – typical toddler

The O-legs of the newborn becomes the typical X-legs of the toddler in the course of the development of child’s feet and baby legs. Frequently, the X-setting takes up to the beginning of the school age. The axis of the leg is balanced by the growth of bones, ligaments, and muscles.

At the age of six years, the adjustment was stabilized in most children. Precautionary examinations at the pediatrician and visits to the orthopedic surgeon are still recommended. Should foot defects develop, they can be detected and treated at an early stage?

Causes of miscarriages in children

If children are inadequate, they can be congenital or acquired. Congenital malformations have genetic causes or result from compulsions in the mother’s body. Compulsions in the mother’s body are caused by the limited space in the uterus.

Foot deficiencies can be acquired during the development of children’s feet and bones, for example, if there is overweight, there is a lack of movement, or the shoes are not properly selected. With a foot deformity, only very few babies are born.

What is wrong?

Many foot defects that occur in children are harmless and disappear over the years. However, there are some developing disorders that need to be rapidly identified and adequately treated. The feet also influence the development of the rest of the movement apparatus and should, therefore, be able to grow as healthy as possible.

Among the most frequent defects of the feet in children are:

  • the flatfoot (flattened arch)
  • the spreading foot (toes are spread apart by the sinking of the transverse forefoot arch)
  • (the toe and heel are the main weight, and the rest of the foot is not)
  • the knee-sinking foot (X position of the heel reinforced, flat arch of the foot)
  • the heel foot (foot bent upwards, foot sole points outwards)
  • the pointed toe (heel is raised, and only the ball touches the ground)
  • the clubfoot (the sole is turned inwards)
  • the heel foot (front foot is turned inwards compared to the rear foot)

Have feet and gait of your child examined at regular intervals by an orthopedic surgeon or physiotherapist, to be able to treat and correct foot defects at an early stage.

This is to avoid foot missteps

Often, miscarriages develop in children with increasing age. However, there are a few things you can do to prevent such defects from occurring.

  • Do not force your child to walk or stand. It should only then begin when it can pull itself up by itself and is ready for it.
  • Make sure your child has a proper body weight. Being overweight can lead to the loss of feet, knees, and hips in children, resulting in long-term problems. 
  • Make sure your child walks barefoot as much as possible. Uneven surfaces such as grass and sand are particularly beneficial for healthy foot muscles and the stability of the foot arch. 
  • Look for child-friendly shoes. 
  • Make a foot massage together with your child. Both your feet and those of your child benefit from powerful exercises.

If the pediatrician or pediatric orthopedist has detected a foot deformity, physiotherapy and exercise will be used for treatment. Small children rarely receive deposits, because they can still be achieved with special exercises.

Find the right children’s shoes

The human foot does not need a shoe. Feet are best developed without any running shoes. So let your child run as often as barefoot. Also, the first standing and walking exercises can be made barefoot. Shoes provide the small feet but also protection from injury, dirt, and cold.

In some situations, shoes are a must. When buying shoes, make sure that the shoes are neither too small nor too big. Asking younger children to see if they fit their shoes is often pointless because the stimulus lines of the children are not yet fully developed and they do not necessarily feel when they are tweaking their toes.

So check to see if there is still space between the toes and the shoe. The toes should be removed from the tip of the shoe about a finger width. Measure the children’s feet and tune the shoes.

Children feet can grow up to three sizes a year, so measure every few weeks after whether your child already needs shoes in a larger size. It is proved that improper shoes can lead to a lack of proper positioning and can lead to long-term foot problems. The purchase of a suitable child’s shoe is, therefore, an important factor in your child’s healthy foot development.


  • Most children are born with healthy feet.
  • Do not force standing and walking, but let your child determine when it’s ready.
  • Let your child walk barefoot as much as possible. When walking barefoot, be sure the child’s feet are secure and select only suitable subsoils.
  • Shoes help protect the feet and do not need to help them walk and stand.
  • Look for matching shoes.

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